A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in adults
a systematic review
Prince, S.A., Adamo, K.B., Hamel, M., Hardt, J., Connor Gorber, S., & Tremblay, M.S. (2008). A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in adults: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 5
Background: Accurate assessment is required to assess current and changing physical activity levels, and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions designed to increase activity levels. This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine the extent of agreement between subjectively (self-report e.g. questionnaire, diary) and objectively (directly measured; e.g. accelerometry, doubly labeled water) assessed physical activity in adults.
Results: Correlations between self-report and direct measures were generally low-to-moderate and ranged from -0.71 to 0.96. No clear pattern emerged for the mean differences between self-report and direct measures of physical activity. Trends differed by measure of physical activity employed, level of physical activity measured, and the gender and weight status of participants. Results of the risk of bias assessment indicated that 38% of the studies had lower quality scores.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that the measurement method may have a significant impact on the observed levels of physical activity. Self-report measures of physical activity both over and underestimated directly measured levels of physical activity, which poses a problem for both reliance on self-report measures and for attempts to correct for self-report - direct measure differences. This review reveals the need for valid, accurate and reliable measures of physical activity in evaluating current and changing physical activity levels, physical activity interventions, and the relationships between physical activity and health outcomes.
Uitgever(s): Prince et al.,,
A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in adults : a systematic reviewDownload PDF
Klik op de auteur meer artikelen te zoeken van deze auteur.Stephanie Prince
Sarah Connor Gorber
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