Socioeconomic differences in lack of recreational walking among older adults
the role of neighbourhood and individual factors
Kamphuis, C.B.M., Lenthe, F.J. van, Giskes, K., Huisman, M., Brug, J., & Mackenbach, J.P. (2009). Socioeconomic differences in lack of recreational walking among older adults: the role of neighbourhood and individual factors. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 6
Background: People with a low socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to be physically inactive than their higher status counterparts, however, the mechanisms underlying this socioeconomic gradient in physical inactivity remain largely unknown. Our aims were (1) to investigate socioeconomic differences in recreational walking among older adults and (2) to examine to what extent neighbourhood perceptions and individual cognitions regarding regular physical activity can explain these differences.
Methods: Data were obtained by a large-scale postal survey among a stratified sample of older adults (age 55-75 years) (N=1994), residing in 147 neighbourhoods of Eindhoven and surrounding areas, in the Netherlands. Multilevel logistic regression analyses assessed associations between SES (i.e. education and income), perceptions of the social and physical neighbourhood environment, measures of individual cognitions derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (e.g. attitude, perceived behaviour control), and recreational walking for >10 minutes/week (no vs. yes).
Conclusions: Both neighbourhood aesthetics and individual cognitions regarding physical activity contributed to the explanation of socioeconomic differences in no recreational walking. Neighbourhood aesthetics may explain the association between SES and recreational walking largely via individual cognitions towards physical activity. Intervention and policy strategies to reduce socioeconomic differences in lack of recreational walking among older adults would be most effective if they intervene on both neighbourhood perceptions as well as individual cognitions.
Uitgever(s): Kamphuis et al;,
Socioeconomic differences in lack of recreational walking among older adults : the role of neighbourhood and individual factorsDownload PDF
Klik op de auteur meer artikelen te zoeken van deze auteur.Carlijn Kamphuis
Frank van Lenthe
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